How far marketization of agricultural product was the making of traders, commission agents, moneylenders or of the independent decision of Indian peasantry is a tricky question. As India was linked up with foreign markets, price movements and business fluctuations in the world markets began to affect the fortunes of the Indian farmer to a degree never seen before.
No doubt the need to pay revenue in cash was the initial compelling force for the marketing of agricultural produce, the large surpluses so extracted from agriculture, without a flow of goods and services in the reverse direction in exchange, was basically an impediment to further commercialization Raj, In fact, dependence on these agents was the inevitable consequence of this monetization process.
This, however, did not happen. Thus, the commercialization of agriculture in India by the British was also one of the important causes of the impoverishment of the Indian people.
Even the peasant proprietors were handicapped by the lack of capital, all resources having been concentrated in the hands of the money-lander. The commercialization of Indian Agriculture took place not to feed the industries of India because India was far behind in industrial development as compared to Britain, France, Belgium and many other European countries of eighteenth century.
Hence, it is essential to learn from the lessons in the past and formulate policies to mitigate the negative impacts on Indian agriculture while being globally connected and liberalized. Besides, exports of raw cotton, other raw materials like jute, oilseeds, and food-grains experienced a jump in exports.
In the ultimate analysis, merchants became the symbol of colonial exploitation. Instead, the cultivator preferred growing cash crops substituting cotton, indigo, poppy and Sugar-cane for food-grains. The War transferred the British demand for Cotton from America to India as a result of which exports of cotton at once jumped from 5 lakh bales in to Consequently, the gulf between the landlord and tenant as also between the rural creditor and debtor was widened.
Gradientenverfahren matlab beispiel essay Gradientenverfahren matlab beispiel essay claudius prayer speech analysis essay. The development of transport and foreign trade led to the introduction of a variety of new crops such as tobacco, groundnuts and potatoes while, at a later stage, the Commercial requirements of the Company led it to encourage the cultivation of indigo, jute, tea and coffee.
Moreover, Indian money lenders advanced Cash advances to the farmers to cultivate the commercial crops and if the peasants failed to pay him back in time, the land of peasants came under ownership of moneylenders.
British manufacturers, therefore, clamoured for raw-materials and this the govt. The opening of the canal cut the sea-route between India and England by over miles and shortened the period of journey between Calcutta and London by 36 days.
The union of agriculture and hand industry, which had so far been the basis of village life, was disrupted. The hired labourers, mostly uneducated, ill-paid and having no stake in the increase of output, could hardly be expected to take interest in advanced techniques or even make proper use of better tools.
The financial difficulties forced the post-Civil War farmers to form an alliance the Grange to support farmer education and social programs. Dependent as he became on foreign markets, the farmer now realised that it was more paying to live on the profits earned from his farm than on the products that he grew.
This means that farmers were no longer sellers only, they were converted to buyers also. Government attached excessive importance in maintaining war related production, as a result of which a comprehensive system of supplying food to the urban areas at controlled prices was put in place.
In addition, the commercial Revolution strengthened the trends which the new land systems had set in motion.
Thus market—mainly for cotton—widened.
But the actual results were different. However, from onwards, a series of developments took place which, on one side, broke the traditional isolation of the village, and, on the other, transformed the nature of agriculture from subsistence to commercial farming.
Commercialisation of Agriculture Subject-Matter: With the Great Depression, agricultural prices worldwide started falling earlier than industrial prices.
As a result, huge stocks of goods were piled up without being used. Commercialisation of Agriculture Causes: Capitalism has mixed impacts on Indian agriculture. Indigo cultivation in the Northern region induced in altering patterns of land use.
With the spread of commercialisation, agricultural production began to get localised in different regions endowed with different geographical peculiarities.
Thus, the commercialization of agriculture in India by the British was also one of the important causes of the impoverishment of the Indian people.commercialization of agriculture After the Civil War, there was a social and political agitation to address the issue of slavery within the United States.
Slavery was among the factors that initiated the Civil War and after the war; many states stopped the slavery institution. Farm – Level Determinants of Agricultural Commercialization Chukwukere Austin Okezie 1,*, Jamalludin Sulaiman, Farm - Level Determinants of Agricultural Commercialization.
Farm. agriculture. Commercialization. 2. 2:. The commercialization of Indian agriculture also partly benefited Indian traders and money lenders who made huge fortunes by working as middlemen for the British.
This regard they acted as conduits delivering the products from peasants to the British company from where it was taken abroad. Imagem meramente illustrative essay. Crime investigation paper research scene bruckner symphony 8 analysis essay time management for essay coherence in an essay an introduction to a research paper aytocan bozan dissertation pakmedinet research papers apa research paper on adolescent smoking bully passage essay ancient battle critical egypt essay kemet.
Commercialization of agriculture which can be defined as a process where peasants start producing primarily for sale in distant markets, rather than to meet their own need for food or to sell in local markets, (Roy, ) has taken place at different times in response to different stimuli.
COMMERCIALIZATION OF AGRICULTURE.
Name: Institution: Instructor: COMMERCIALIZATION OF AGRICULTURE After the Civil War, there was a social and political agitation to address the issue of slavery within the United States. Slavery was among the factors that initiated the Civil War and after the war; many states stopped the slavery institution.Download